What is a Caffeine
Caffeine is a substance which is commonly bitter and originated from plants, it is used to stimulate central nervous system by promoting focus or alertness and reduces fatigue. It’s chemical name is known as 1,3,7 Trimethylxanthine. The word caffeine originated from a German and French words kaffee and Café respectively. It awakens our pulses and revives energy in our body system. Caffeine plays a very important role in strengthening our mental alertness. Research have shown that caffeine is the most consumed dietary ingredient globally. It’s moderate use has being approved by many food regulatory agencies (e.g US Food and Drug Administration) all around the world. A 2019 research has also shown that caffeine intake might promote weight loss.
History of caffeine
Caffeine was discovered as far back as 2737 BC in the era of Chinese emperor Shen Nung, leaves fell into his boiling water and he noticed that it produces an aromatic smell. It was also revealed that an Ethiopian Shepard began drinking coffee after realizing that his goats added strength while eating the leaves. Studies have shown that Ethiopia was one of the first and major traders of coffee before it was accepted worldwide, it was first exported from Ethiopia to Yemen by Somali merchants. In 1880, some of the most popular soft drinks like Dr Pepper, Coca-Cola and then Pepsi-Cola were produced. Study have shown that approximately 80% of the world population are consuming caffeinated products. Additionally, in 2020, an estimated quantity of 10 Million tonnes of coffee is consumed worldwide.
Sources of coffee
Sources of caffeine includes coffee beans, cocoa beans, Kolanuts, gurana berries, yerba mate and tea leaves.
Prons and cons of a caffeine
- It enhances mood and alertness
- it increases mental alertness
- Provide strength
- Relieves fatigue
- Reduces and prevents symptoms of Parkinson’s disease (PD)
- It promotes weight loss
- Boost metabolism
- Lower the risk of type 2 diabetes
- Lower the risk of liver disease
- It was reported that in rare cases, over consumption of caffeine might lead to death
- it can cause anxiety
- Affects sleep
- It can be addictive
- Bad coffee can be toxic
- It can affect pregnant women who consumed more than the recommended level.
- Surveys have suggested that caffeine consumption in children might result in bed-wetting.